UK copyright law permits anyone to copy from a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work for your own, providing you are accessing the original legally, and your use is " " (see below).
Printing, photocopying or scanning, ripping or downloading, screen capture, photography or filming, audio recording and transcribing are all regulated by copyright law.
It is your responsibility to avoid infringing copyright when using University of Dundee equipment to print, photocopy or scan.
If you have a disability which makes it difficult for you to work with material in its original format, and there's no accessible version available, you are entitled to copy the whole work into a different format which you can access more easily, or ask someone else to copy it for you.
Start from the principle that your copying shouldn't undermine, i.e. it doesn't substitute for purchasing/paying to view the original.
Just because you have accessed the original free-of-charge, don't conclude that copyright doesn't apply: iffrom your reproduction (such as a publisher, or a web host selling advertising), then arguably the creator deserves a share of that revenue.
Even when you can't find a © symbol, a licence statement or 'terms and conditions', it's likely that someone still owns the copyright in the work. The only exception would be if the creator of the work died.
|Probably fair||Probably not fair|
Always check thefor any e-resource you're using for academic work, to note any restrictions on printing or downloading.
In the UK, it's legal for students to embed a "fair" amount of copyright material in coursework, but don't forget to attribute your source!
Schools should be cautious about, as this may breach the student's copyright, as well as the authors of any material quoted or appended.
Reproducing other people's copyright material for an(including submitting a thesis or dissertation) is permitted under UK law.
However, once your degree has been awarded, your work may in due course be released to a wider audience, not just your fellow students and tutors. Every University of Dundee PhD student is required to deposit a digital copy of their thesis in the University's Institutional Repository Discovery.
Any material you have included which is not your own work may be in breach of copyright, unless you can defend your use as "", i.e:
Be especially careful when reproducing a - could you be undermining the creator's market for their work by distributing it free-to-view? Or has it been released with a Creative Commons licence for re-use?
If you need to do more than "quote" someone else's work, you should ask the rights-holder for to reproduce their material. You are best advised to undertake this before you submit, in case the rights-holder cannot be traced or is unwilling to allow you to use their work in the way you had intended.
If necessary, it may be possible to temporarily the Discovery team.your thesis until permission is granted, or the third party material. University of Dundee students should contact
Guidance on Copyright unless you have made a formal arrangement to transfer it to an external organization (e.g. a funder or sponsor). By submitting your thesis for examination, you have agreed that it will be available for consultation and reproduction as permitted in law.in your thesis, as identified on the University of Dundee's
Users of academic profiling services (e.g. ResearchGate or Academia) and collaborative reference management tools (e.g. EndNote Online or Mendeley) should note that the terms and conditions of these services commit you to respect copyright when creating and sharing your reference library.
University of Dundee staff and students should know thatto allow people who are not members of this university to read and copy journal articles and other e-resources is a breach of our licence agreement with the publisher, and may be subject to disciplinary action if discovered.
Be aware that publishers and web hosts remotely monitor patterns of downloading, and may ask the University to block an account or IP address if copyright infringement is suspected.
UK higher education IT specialists JISC have produced a concise and comprehensive Copyright Guide for Students (Dec 2014)
The UK Intellectual Property Office released updated guidance (original version 2014 https://www.gov.uk/guidance/exceptions-to-copyright) on 'Exceptions to copyright ' in 2019, to help researchers and students stay within the law when using copyright material. Researchers may also find the section on Text and data mining helpful