... your work was created in the course of your employment, in which case copyright belongs to your employer.
While your work is(e.g. coursework, a musical composition, a private letter or photo album), no-one has the right to reproduce any part of it without your permission. Even remains protected by copyright, although other people may 'quote' from it, providing they credit you as the source. It's likely that your host service (Facebook, Blogger, Flickr etc) will assert some rights to re-use your material: check the terms and conditions.
When you, you hold the rights to any recording made, unless the event is a duty of your employment. No-one has the right to share audio or video footage of your presentation without your permission or your employer's permission.
Researchers who have set up an Academia.edu or ResearchGate are likely to receive requests for publications from potential collaborators. These services usually hold the profile owner responsible for copyright compliance.You are potentially infringing copyright if you send the published version of your paper in response to a request (check your Agreement to Publish).on a host service such as
When you want to release your work to the widest possible audience, and inform other people that they can re-use it under certain conditions, consider alicence.
By adding a CC mark to your work, you're choosing to waive certain aspects of your copyright (such as the right to benefit financially, or to prohibit reproduction), without relinquishing your ownership of the work.
Breaches of your licence are not automatically detected, but you will be in a strong position to approach anybody who you discover using your material in a way you have not endorsed, to ask them to stop (threatening legal action if necessary!).
Theguides you through the key questions to consider when deciding which licence is right for you, and provides code to embed the CC graphic in your work.
JISC has published a guide to(2011) which also provides useful background for other disciplines.
Software authors can take advantage of theto assert their right to choose how their work is distributed - either free or charged for - and to require other users of their work to respect these terms
The UK's Digital Curation Centre has published a guide (2014) to.
Researchers at the (University of St Andrews) have published the free e-book Tales from the Drawing Board: IP wisdom and woes from Scotland’s creative industries (2015), an inspiring collection of case studies about managing and exploiting the intellectual property in your creative output.
The THEROS Guide is a commissioned guide to academic intellectual property rights available to the staff at the University of Dundee.